What Is Diarrhea? - Diarrhea is spending an easy and watery stool, occurs more than 3 times in one day. Usually takes place for 1 or 2 days and stops by itself without any special treatment. Diarrhea that occurs in a long period of time indicates the presence of other diseases.

Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means the body lacks enough fluid to run the function. Dehydration is especially dangerous for young children and the aged, and therefore must be treated immediately to prevent the occurrence of serious health problems.

What causes diarrhea?
Some common causes of diarrhea include:

-Bacterial infections. Several types of bacteria can be consumed through food or beverages contaminated and cause diarrhea, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella and Escherichia coli.
-Virus Infection. Some viruses that cause diarrhea is rotavirus, Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus and hepatitis viruses.
-Food Intolerance, for example in people who cannot digest food components such as lactose (the sugar in milk).
-Parasite, which enters into the body via food or drink and settle in the digestive system. E.g. Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica and Cryptosporidium.
Drug reactions, e.g. antibiotics, blood pressure medications and antasida containing magnesium.
Intestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease or abdominal diseases.
-Disturbance of bowel function such as iritasdi bowel syndrome where the intestines do not work normally.

People abroad wouldn't have the possibility of experiencing diarrhea journey (traveler's diarrhea) caused by consuming contaminated food and drink bacteria, viruses or parasites sometimes. Diarrhea usually occur on the journey of travelers who visit developing countries.

What are the symptoms of diarrhea?
Diarrhea may be accompanied by seizures, abdominal pain, bloating and nausea. In addition to depending on the cause, sufferers can also experience fever or bloody stools. Diarrhea can be acute or chronic. Acute diarrhea, occurred during less than three weeks, and is usually associated with infection with bacteria, viruses and parasites. While chronic diarrhea occurs more than 3 weeks and usually associated with functional disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome or an abdominal disease or diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease.

Diarrhea in children
Children can be exposed to diarrhea acute (short-term) or chronic diarrhea (long term) caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, medications, functional disorders, and sensitivity to foods. Acute diarrhea in children, rotavirus infections generally caused lasting for 5-8 days.

Dispensing adult diarrhea in children can be dangerous, therefore granting the remedy must be under the supervision of a doctor.

In small children, severe diarrhea for a day or two can cause dehydration, which when left on for a few days can cause death. Therefore the main treatment in children suffering from diarrhea is rehydration.

Children should be taken when kedokter shows the following symptoms:
-The stool contains blood or pus and stool is black.
-The temperature of the body above 380 C.
-After 24 hours showed no improvement.
-Shows signs of dehydration.

What are the symptoms of dehydration?
* The common symptoms of dehydration include thirst, decreased frequency of urination, dry skin, fatigue, dark colored urine.
* Dehydration symptoms in children
-Tongue and dry mouth
-If crying no tears
-Do not use wet Diapers for 3 hours or more
-Stomach, eyes and sunken cheeks
-High fever
-Lethargic or irritable
-Skin does not return an If is pressed and then released.

When the required consultation with the doctor?
Although usually not harmful, diarrhea can be dangerous or indicate a more serious problem. We need to consult with a doctor if:
-Experiencing diarrhea for more than 3 days.
-Heavy experience pain in the abdomen or rectum.
-Fever with a temperature of 380 ° C or more.
-On the stool there is blood or black colored stools.
-Shows signs of dehydration.

If the child shows diarrhea, contact your doctor immediately. Diarrhea can be dangerous in children if too much fluid is lost and not immediately replaced it.

Examination of what should be done by a doctor?
Diagnostic examination will be performed to find the cause of diarrhea are:
-Physical examination and medical history. The doctor needs to know the patient's eating habits and about drugs being used.
-Stool Culture. Technician laboratory will analyze the sample of your stool to check for bacteria, parasites or other signs of disease.
-Examination of the blood.
-Examination of the fasting to determine the diarrheal disease caused by an intolerance to foods or food allergies.
-Sigmoidoscopy. On